August 11 – “I am very poor, I had nothing to give to my mother India, except my life, which I am giving today.” Sacrifice Day Amir Balidani Khudiram Bose

The youngest surviving child of the world who wrote the saga of heroism ..

The history of India’s independence struggle is full of great heroes and hundreds of their adventures. In the same list of revolutionaries, there is a name of Khudiram Bose. Khudiram Bose was an Indian youth revolutionary whose martyrdom created a wave of revolution in the whole country.

Khudiram Bose climbed to death for the country’s independence only at the age of 19. The martyrdom of this brave man has created a wave of patriotism in the whole country. Songs were written to immortalize their valor and their sacrifice became the dominant form of folk songs. In the honor of Khudiram Bose, there were musical songs which became popular in folk songs in Bengal. Khudiram Bose was born on 3 December 1889 in Habibpur village of Midnapore district in Bengal.

His father’s name was Trilokya Nath Bose and mother’s name was Laxmikri Devi. The father of the child was removed from the head of the child Khudiram very soon, so he was raised by his elder sister. Patriotism was so strong in his mind that he had started taking part in political activities from the days of school. During 1902 and 1903, Arvindo Ghosh and sister Nivedita organized several public meetings in Medinipur and organized secret meetings with revolutionary groups.

Khudiram was also among the young people of his city who wanted to join the movement to overthrow the British rule. Khudiram often used to engage in accusations against English imperialists and used slogans. In his mind, the love of the country was so cumbersome that he left studies after the ninth grade and jumped into the freedom struggle to die in the country’s independence.

In the beginning of the twentieth century, the British tried to break the Bengal division, which was strongly opposed to the progress of independence movement. During this time Khudiram Bose jumped into the independence movement after partition of Bengal in 1905 AD. He started his revolutionary life under the leadership of Satyen Bose. At the age of 16, he kept a bomb near police stations and targeted government employees. He joined the Revolutionary Party and also played an important role in distributing ‘Vande Mataram’ pamphlets

In 1906, the police caught Bose twice – on February 28, 1906, while distributing a report named Sonar Bangla, Bose was caught, but managed to escape and escape the police. In this case, he was accused of sedition and accused them but Khudiram was acquitted due to lack of evidence. For the second time the police arrested them on 16th May, but due to their short life, they were left warned.

6 दिसंबर 1907 को खुदीराम बोस ने नारायणगढ़ नामक रेलवे स्टेशन पर बंगाल के गवर्नर की विशेष ट्रेन पर हमला किया परन्तु गवर्नर साफ़-साफ़ बच निकला। वर्ष 1908 में उन्होंने वाट्सन और पैम्फायल्ट फुलर नामक दो अंग्रेज अधिकारियों पर बम से हमला किया लेकिन किस्मत ने उनका साथ दिया और वे बच गए। बंगाल विभाजन के विरोध में लाखों लोग सडकों पर उतरे और उनमें से अनेकों भारतीयों को उस समय कलकत्ता के मॅजिस्ट्रेट किंग्जफोर्ड ने क्रूर दण्ड दिया। वह क्रान्तिकारियों को ख़ास तौर पर बहुत दण्डित करता था।

On December 6, 1907, Khudiram Bose attacked the special train of the governor of Bengal at Narayanagarad railway station, but the governor apparently escaped. In 1908, he attacked two British officers named Watson and Pampilux Fuller with a bomb but luck favored them and they survived. Lakhs of people came on the streets in protest of the partition of Bengal, and many of them were brutally punished by the Calcutta Magistrate Kingston at that time. He used to punish the revolutionaries in particular.

अंग्रेजी हुकुमत ने किंग्जफोर्ड के कार्य से खुश होकर उसकी पदोन्नति कर दी और मुजफ्फरपुर जिले में सत्र न्यायाधीश बना दिया। क्रांतिकारियों ने किंग्जफोर्ड को मारने का निश्चय किया और इस कार्य के लिए चयन हुआ खुदीराम बोस और प्रफुल्लकुमार चाकी का। मुजफ्फरपुर पहुँचने के बाद इन दोनों ने किंग्जफोर्ड के बँगले और कार्यालय की निगरानी की। 30 अप्रैल 1908 को चाकी और बोस बाहर निकले और किंग्जफोर्ड के बँगले के बाहर खड़े होकर उसका इंतज़ार करने लगे।

British pleased him with Kingzford’s work and promoted him and made a sessions judge in Muzaffarpur district. The revolutionaries decided to kill Kingsford, and for this task, the selection was done by Khudiram Bose and Prafululumar Chaki. After reaching Muzaffarpur, they both monitored the Kingsley and the offices of Kingsford. On April 30, 1908, Chackie and Bose came out and stood outside Kingston’s bungalow and waited for him

खुदीराम ने अँधेरे में ही आगे वाली बग्गी पर बम फेंका पर उस बग्गी में किंग्स्फोर्ड नहीं बल्कि दो यूरोपियन महिलायें थीं जिनकी मौत हो गयी। अफरा-तफरी के बीच दोनों वहां से नंगे पाँव भागे। भाग-भाग कर थक गए खुदीराम वैनी रेलवे स्टेशन पहुंचे और वहां एक चाय वाले से पानी माँगा पर वहां मौजूद पुलिस वालों को उन पर शक हो गया और बहुत मशक्कत के बाद दोनों ने खुदीराम को गिरफ्तार कर लिया। 1 मई को उन्हें स्टेशन से मुजफ्फरपुर लाया गया।

Khudiram threw a bomb on the next buggy in the darkness but the buggy was not Kingfords but two European women who died. Both of them ran barefoot in the middle of the rift. Khudiram, who was tired of running away, went to the Wani railway station and demanded water from a tea-house there, but the police present there suspected him and after very hard, the two arrested Khudiram. On 1 May, he was brought from Muzaffarpur to the station.

उधर प्रफ्फुल चाकी भी भाग-भाग कर भूक-प्यास से तड़प रहे थे। 1 मई को ही त्रिगुनाचरण नामक ब्रिटिश सरकार में कार्यरत एक आदमी ने उनकी मदद की और रात को ट्रेन में बैठाया पर रेल यात्रा के दौरान ब्रिटिश पुलिस में कार्यरत एक सब-इंस्पेक्टर को शक हो गया और उसने मुजफ्फरपुर पुलिस को इस बात की जानकारी दे दी। जब चाकी हावड़ा के लिए ट्रेन बदलने के लिए मोकामाघाट स्टेशन पर उतरे तब पुलिस पहले से ही वहां मौजूद थी। अंग्रेजों के हाथों मरने के बजाए चाकी ने खुद को गोली मार ली और अमर हो गए।

Praful Chaki was also parting towards the hunger and thirst. On 1 May, a man working in the British government named Triunacharyan helped him and sat in the train on the night, but during a train trip, a sub-inspector working in the British Police became suspicious and gave information to Muzaffarpur police. . When Chaki landed at Mokamaghat station to change the train for Howrah, the police was already present there. Instead of being killed by the British, Chaki shot himself and became immortal.

खुदीराम बोस को गिरफ्तार कर मुकदमा चलाया गया और फिर फांसी की सजा सुनाई गयी। आज ही के दिन अर्थात 11 अगस्त सन 1908 को उन्हें फाँसी दे दी गयी। उस समय उनकी उम्र मात्र 18 साल और कुछ महीने थी। खुदीराम बोस इतने निडर थे कि हाथ में गीता लेकर ख़ुशी-ख़ुशी फांसी चढ़ गए। उनकी निडरता, वीरता और शहादत ने उनको इतना लोकप्रिय कर दिया कि बंगाल के जुलाहे एक खास किस्म की धोती बुनने लगे और बंगाल के राष्ट्रवादियों और क्रांतिकारियों के लिये वह और अनुकरणीय हो गए।

Khudiram Bose was arrested and prosecuted and then sentenced to death. He was hanged on this day ie 11 August 1908. At that time, his age was only 18 years and a few months. Khudiram Bose was so fearless that with a Gita in hand, he was hanged and gladly hanged. His fearlessness, bravery and martyrdom made them so popular that Bengal began to wear a special type of dhoti and it became exemplary for the nationalists and revolutionaries of Bengal.

उनकी फांसी के बाद विद्यार्थियों तथा अन्य लोगों ने शोक मनाया और कई दिन तक स्कूल-कालेज बन्द रहे। इन दिनों नौजवानों में एक ऐसी धोती का प्रचलन हो चला था जिसकी किनारी पर खुदीराम लिखा होता था। आज वीरता की उस अमर गाथा के बलिदान दिवस पर उस वीर बलिदानी को सुदर्शन परिवार का बारम्बार नमन है व ऐसे अमरता प्राप्त वीरो की गौरवशाली गाथा को जनता तक समय समय पर लाने का संकल्प भी …

After their execution, the students and others mourned, and for many days the school and college remained closed. These days, there was a trend of dhoti which was written in young people whose khudiram was written on the border. Today, on the sacrifice day of the immortality of valor, that venerable sacrifice on the sacrifice day is a frequent submission of the Sudarshan family and the vows of such immortal heroes will be given to the public from time to time … 

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